Drugs that are still not approved by the Food and Drug Administration may pose health risks. This is despite the fact that they are already showing positive signs of preventing diseases.
This is the case of the new pill called Truvada which prevents HIV infection. The drug has been in the market since 2006 but has yet to get the approval of the FDA. It contains two antivirals and has been widely used in treating HIV.
On May 10, 2012, Food and Drug Administration advisers made a recommendation for the approval of Truvada. They strongly believe that the drug when taken once every day can be effective in preventing HIV infection.
The pill is considered a breakthrough amid the continued fight against AIDS. Every year, some two million cases of HIV are recorded and that includes some 50,000 in the U.S. In the event Truvada is approved by FDA, it will be prescribed to certain groups of people.
Firstly, they would be recommended to HIV-negative people who are at risk of contracting the infection. These include gay men who have different partners and who are not consistent condom users, prostitutes and those in a relationship with HIV-positive people. The drug may also be prescribed to men who are actually taking Truvada.
The risk here is for people found to be HIV positive and are taking the pill. Experts pointed out that Truvada alone cannot totally prevent the spread of infection among these people. Even those who are in the process of getting the infection and are taking it may not be treated.
Among the possible side effects revealed was stomach upset particularly in the first weeks. Kidney and bone thinning problems are possible to occur as well although not on a frequent basis.
It is very important then that the drug be taken by HIV negative people in order for it to become effective. These folks also need to undergo testing on a regular basis to ensure that they are free from infection. The experts stressed being diligent in taking the drug is crucial following research findings that only 10 percent of participants were good in following their daily regimen.
In addition to sticking to the daily schedule of taking the pill, consistent use of the condom is highly important. This is because Truvada is not 100 percent effective in preventing HIV infection. Those who do not follow the regimen consistently are sure to facing great risks in their health.